Oklahoma Meat and Poultry Inspection

Oklahoma has a state poultry inspection program, administered by the Board of Agriculture, and authorized by the Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act. The Act has specific requirements for inspection of poultry production operations, as well as conditions for exemption.  Oklahoma does not accept all of the federal exemptions for poultry processing.  

A common misconception is that an exempt operation is exempt from all requirements of the Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA)/Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act.

Exempt operations are only exempt from continuous bird by bird inspection and the presence of  inspectors during the slaughter of poultry and the processing of poultry products. 

Another common misconception is that a individual/grower/producers/business can claim more than one exemption.   

A slaughterer or processor of poultry may not simultaneously operate under more than one exemption during a calendar year. 

In Oklahoma, all Poultry slaughtered for meat and intended for human food must be processed under one of the following options:

  1. Slaughtered by the Owner and consumed by the owner of the live animals, their immediate family or non paying guests
  2. Slaughtered by the Grower/Owner under Oklahoma’s 1000 bird Exemption must have Certificate of Registration issued by ODAFF.  and consumed by the household consumer that purchased direct from the grower of the live poultry. Poultry slaughtered under this exemption may not be sold or donate to retail stores, brokers, meat markets, schools, orphanages, restaurants, nursing homes, and other similar establishments or through their own retail market or similar establishment. 
  3. Slaughtered by an Oklahoma State Licensed Custom Exempt Facility and consumed by the owner of the live animals, their immediate family or non paying guests
  4. Slaughtered by an Oklahoma State Licensed and Inspected Facility that is under continual inspecton  and can be consumed by the owner, can be offered for sale to Individuals, retailers and/or wholesalers in business in the state of Oklahoma ONLY!
    1. Consumed by owner of the live animal, when the owner lives out of the state of Oklahoma and transports the meat product across the Oklahoma state line the meat can only be consumed by the individual who purchased the meat or the owner of the live animal, their immediate family members and non paying guests.
    2. Retail means that you, the producer, sell your product directly to the consumer by face to face sales, farmers markets, home delivery,  direct to a retail establishment for example a restaurant, grocery store or any food business.  
    3. Wholesale means you typically sell your product in bulk quantities to a “middle man” who in turn sells it to other retailers.  It is possible for you to sell your meat to the consumer, to the retail establishments and wholesale.  Product transported across the Oklahoma state line can be taken back to any state but the meat can only be consumed by the individual who purchased the meat or the owner of the live animal, their immediate family members and non paying guests.
  5. Slaughtered by a facility inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture – Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) and consumed by  the owner, sold Retail or Wholesale anywhere to anyone.
  • OKLAHOMA
    Oklahoma has a state poultry inspection program, administered by the Board of Agriculture, and
    authorized by the Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act. The Act has specific requirements for
    inspection of poultry production operations, as well as conditions for exemption.

    • Does Oklahoma accept the federal exemptions for poultry processing?
      No. However, the Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act does exempt from inspection
      producers who slaughter up to 250 turkeys or 1000 birds of other species (no ratites), of their own
      raising, per calendar year, for direct sales only to in-state household consumers.
    • Does Oklahoma require licensing to process poultry?
      No. If under the Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act, poultry processors need to submit a
      certificate of registration to the Board.
    • Does Oklahoma have sanitation requirements for processing facilities?
      Yes. Every establishment where poultry are custom slaughtered, or where an individual is engaged
      in custom processing, must submit an application for approval by the Director of Meat Inspection
      prior to conducting operations.
    • Where can I sell my poultry?
      Those processing under the state exemption may only sell directly to household consumers. They
      may not sell or donate uninspected poultry products to retail stores, brokers, meat markets,
      schools, orphanages, restaurants, nursing homes, and other similar establishments or through their
      own retail market or similar establishment.Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry: http://www.oda.state.ok.us
      Laws
      Oklahoma Poultry Products Inspection Act (Title 2 Oklahoma Statues § 6-251 et. seq; exemptions at § 6-
      265): http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/Index.asp?ftbd+STOKST02&level=1
      For Section 35:37-5-2 Deleted Regulations and Exemptions effective as of 12-1-10, visit the Oklahoma
      Secretary of State website at http://www.sos.ok.gov/oar/online/viewCode.aspx and navigate to the
      following location:
      Title 35 – Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry Chapter 37 – Food Safety
      Subchapter 5 – Poultry Products Inspection Part 1 – General Provisions
      Section 35:37-5-2 – Deleted regulations and exemptions
      52
      Contact
      Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry Food Safety Division
      2800 N. Lincoln Boulevard
      P.O. Box 528804
      Oklahoma City, OK 73152
      Phone: (405) 521-3864
      Fax: (405) 522-4912

 

 

http://www.apppa.org/resources/Documents/Processing/USDA-FSIS-Guide-Poultry_Slaughter_Exemption_0406.pdf Page 7

Custom Slaughter/Processing Exemption A custom poultry
slaughterer is a business or person who slaughters and processes poultry
belonging to someone else. A custom slaughterer provides a service to a
customer and does not engage in the business of buying or selling
poultry products capable of use as human food.
A custom slaughter business may slaughter or process an unlimited
number of poultry when the poultry is delivered by the owner and the
following five criteria are met [PPIA Section 464(c)(1)(B) “Section 15
(c)(1)(B)”3; Title 9 CFR §381.10(a)(4) & (d)].
Criteria:
1. The custom slaughterer does not engage in the business of buying
or selling poultry products capable for use as human food;
2. The poultry is healthy when slaughtered;
3. The slaughter and processing at the custom slaughter facility is
conducted in accordance with sanitary standards, practices, and
procedures that produce poultry products that are sound, clean,
and fit for human food (not adulterated);
4. The custom slaughtered or processed poultry is for the personal use
of the grower/owner of the poultry – the grower/owner of the custom
slaughtered or processed poultry may not sell or donate the custom
slaughtered poultry to another person or institution; and
5. The shipping containers bear:
a. the owner’s name,
b. the owner’s address, and
c. the statement, “Exempt P.L. 90-492”
These three items are in lieu of all the required features of a label
for inspected and passed poultry products. Also, instead of the
Federal law 90-492, a State law may be cited when the inspection
of the slaughter and processing of poultry is exempted under the
authority of a State law, and the operations are reviewed by a State
Agency.
Custom Slaughter Exemption Notes:
• If any of the five criteria are not met, the owner of the poultry is not
eligible for this exemption.
3
Some published copies of the PPIA number the sections 1 to 29 not 451 to 470 as numbered in the
United States Codes.
7
• Selling live poultry to a customer does not disqualify a business
from the Custom Slaughter Exemption. For example, a custom
slaughterer may sell live poultry to a person and then custom
slaughter the bird. However, a person who custom slaughters
poultry may not buy or sell poultry products used for human food.
• A person operating under a Custom Slaughter Exemption may
slaughter and process poultry of his or her own raising provided
such slaughtered poultry is for his or her exclusive consumption, or
consumption by members of his or her household, nonpaying
guests, and employees.
• A person who is a custom slaughterer and who is also a poultry
grower may raise and sell his or her live poultry to poultry
businesses not associated with his or her custom slaughter
business.
• A custom slaughter business may use a mobile slaughter/
processing unit to custom slaughter and process poultry. There is
compliance with the requirements of the Act and regulations when
the owner of poultry delivers poultry to a mobile
slaughter/processing unit operated by a custom slaughterer
provided the slaughtered or processed poultry is for the personal use
of the owner of the poultry. The owner of the poultry may deliver the
poultry to the mobile slaughter/processing unit located at his or her
own premises or any other person’s premises.
• Ostrich and other poultry can be custom slaughtered and processed
in an official red meat establishment that is subject to the regulatory
requirements of the Federal Meat Inspection Act, provided the
establishment does not engage in the business of buying and selling
poultry products. Also, carcasses or parts of ostrich or poultry not
slaughtered at the red meat establishment may be delivered by the
owner for custom processing provided the poultry has been
previously inspected, passed, and identified as such in accordance
with the requirements of the Poultry Products Inspection Act or has
been inspected and passed by an equivalent State inspection.

 

http://www.apppa.org/resources/Documents/Processing/USDA-FSIS-Guide-Poultry_Slaughter_Exemption_0406.pdf

How many exemptions may a person or business claim when
slaughtering or processing poultry?

A person or business may slaughter or process poultry under an exemption
if the operation qualifies for the exemption. However, a slaughterer or
processor of poultry may not simultaneously operate under more than
one exemption. When FSIS or a State reviews a business to determine
compliance with the Act and regulations, FSIS or the State inspectors must
be informed of which exemption the business is claiming. FSIS or State
inspectors will determine compliance based on only one exemption. A
business may not simultaneously claim or operate under more than one
exemption.
18
The selection of either the Producer/Grower Exemption or the
Producer/Grower or Other Person Exemption is for the calendar year.
In the same calendar year, a poultry producer or other person producing
product under either the Producer/Grower Exemption or the
Producer/Grower or Other Person Exemption may not produce product
under another exemption. In addition, a poultry business that slaughters
or processes poultry operating under a Custom Slaughter or Small
Enterprise Exemption may not operate under the Producer/Grower or
Producer/Grower or Other Person exemption in the same calendar year.

 

 

Out of State Animals (Poultry and Rabbits) brought into the State of Oklahoma to be slaughtered for meat and intended for human food can be processed in the State of Oklahoma under one of the following options:

  1. Slaughtered by the Owner and consumed by the owner of the live animals, their immediate family or non paying guests
  2. Slaughtered by an Oklahoma State Licensed Custom Exempt Facility and consumed in the state of Oklahoma or owner transported to their home state and consumed by the owner of the live animals, their immediate family or non paying guests
  3. Slaughtered by an Oklahoma State Licensed Inspected Facility that is under continual inspection 
    1. Consumed in the state of Oklahoma or owner transported to their home state and consumed by the owner of the live animals, their immediate family or non paying guests
    2. Meat Products purchased in Oklahoma with an Oklahoma state inspected mark can be transported by the purchaser back to their home state and consumed by the purchaser, their immediate family or non paying guests.
    3. Can be sold to retail to consumers in the State of Oklahoma by face to face sales, farmers markets, home delivery, direct to a retail establishment for example a restaurant, grocery store or any food business.  
    4. Can be sold to wholesale.  Wholesale  typically means you sell your  product in bulk quantities to a “middle man” who in turn sells it to other retailers.  
    5. It is possible for you to sell your meat to the consumer, to the retailers and wholesalers  
  4. Slaughtered by a facility inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture – Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) and consumed by the owner, sold Retail or Wholesale anywhere to anyone. If the product is going to be shipped through the postal system, then the product must be processed in and bear the Federal legend of being processed in a USDA facility to cross the Oklahoma State line.